Louisville Lectures

Open Access Medical Education

Committed to sharing Internal Medicine focused lectures as free open access medical education.

The 4 Horsemen and DNAR Discussions with Dr. Staci Mandrola

In this presentation, Dr. Staci Mandrola presents her original "4 Horsemen" concept which gives an idea of when people go from having years to months of time left and how treatments should be taken into consideration when the time frame becomes months or less. She also discusses code status, goals of care and how to approach these treatments.

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Safe and Effective Hospital Discharges with Dr. Charlene Mitchell

In this presentation, Dr. Mitchell discusses discharge-related risks, appropriateness for discharge, and elements of the discharge process.  Dr. Mitchell emphasizes that dangerous events happen commonly, involving medications, test results, and poor communication and/or follow-ups. However, with a clear understanding for the process, these are mostly preventable. 

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Genitourinary Cancers with Dr. Padmini Moffett

In this lecture, Dr. Padmini Moffett presents Genitourinary Cancers with a quick overview on the different types of cancer like prostate cancer, renal cell carcinoma, bladder cancer, and testicular cancer as well as the risk factors for these types of cancers. After, she discusses diagnosis and concludes with treatment and risk factors involved with each treatment method.

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Hypertensive Crisis with Dr. Lorrel Brown

Dr. Lorrel Brown discusses the Hypertensive Crisis by first defining hypertension. She then defines hypertensive crisis as having severely elevated blood pressure with end-organ damage. After, she discusses the pathophysiology of end organ damage along with the different treatment approaches for hypertensive crisis. Finally, she finishes her presentation with a few case reports. 

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