Louisville Lectures

Open Access Medical Education

Committed to sharing Internal Medicine focused lectures as free open access medical education.


This citation page represents a good faith effort by Louisville Lectures, its partners, and its subsidiary educational projects to properly cite any and all images, charts, graphics, or other media used in this lecture. We claim Fair Use protection for the purpose of education as well as other purposes in the use of these objects. If the University has been unable to find the source object to cite it properly and you are the content owner or wish to assist us in accurately citing these objects, please email us at LouisvilleLectures@Gmail.com and we will be happy to add the proper citation. 


Some items in this lecture may have come from the lecturer’s personal academic files or have been cited in-line or at the end of the lecture. Items such as these, in addition to those we were unable to properly identify sources for are below:


This list is complete through JANUARY 5, 2016. The last given lecture which has been published to iTunes is Basics of Inpatient Geriatrics with Dr. Neamtu. List maintained by CKM.


106. Reflections on Hearing Voices with André Churchwell 

  • All material sourced within lecture

105. Movement Disorders 101 with Dr. Kathrin LaFaver

  • All material sourced within lecture

104. Understanding and Preventing Physician Burnout with Eric Baker

  • All material sourced within lecture

103. Aortic Stenosis (And Other Decompensated Valves) with Dr. Lorrel Brown

  • All material sourced within lecture

102. Vasculitis with Dr. Charles Moore

  • All material sourced within lecture

101. Sarcoidosis with Dr. Rafael L. Perez

  • All material sourced within lecture

100. Nephritic/Nephrotic Syndrome with Dr. Kausar Hamiduzzaman

  • All material sourced within lecture

99. Hepatorenal Syndrome with Dr. Kausar Hamiduzzaman

  • All material sourced within lecture

98. Novel Targeted Therapy for Low-Grade Lymphoid Malignancies in Older Adults by Dr. Krem

  • All material sourced within lecture

97. Patient Evaluation for Advanced Heart Failure Therapies with Dr. Dmitry Abramov

  • All material sourced within lecture

96. Second Wind: Lung Transplantation by Dr. David Nunley

  • All material sourced within lecture

95. Inpatient Glucose Management by Dr. Sathya Krishnasamy

  • All material sourced within lecture

94. Mechanical Ventilation by Dr. Rodrigo Cavallazzi

  • All material sourced within lecture

93. Breast Cancer with Dr. Mounika Mandadi

  • All material sourced within lecture

92. Incorporating Transgender Care into Every Day Primary Care with Dr. Henry Ng

  • All material sourced within lecture

91. Soundbites from the Quarry- Adventures in Stone Disease by Dr. Lederer

  • All material sourced within lecture

90. Taking the Complication out of Chemotherapy by Dr. Maxwell M. Krem

  • None

89. Basics of HIV Medications with Dr. Raghuram

  • None

88. Clinical Decision Making with Dr. Eleanor Lederer

  • None

87. Statistical Methods in Quality Improvement with Stephen Furmanek

  • None

86. Diagnostic Tests with Annuradha Persaud

  • None

85. Measures of Association with Brain Guinn

  • None

84. Statistical Thinking and Significance with Stephen Furmanek

  • None

83. Using Redcap with Annuradha Persaud

  • None

82. Undone in the ICU: Towards an Understanding of the Long-Term Consequences of Critical Illness by Dr. Brummel

  • None

81. Acute Decompensated Heart Failure- Physiology and Treatment with Dr. Abramov

Dickstein K, Cohen-Solal A, Filippatos G, McMurray JJ, Ponikowski P, Poole-Wilson PA, et al. ESC

     Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2008: The Task

     Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure 2008 of the European

     Society of Cardiology: Developed in collaboration with the Heart Failure Association of the ESC

     (HFA) and endorsed by the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM). Eur Heart J

     2008; 29: 2388–2442

Drazner MH, Hellkamp AS, Leier CV, Shah MR, Miller LW, Russell SD, et al. Value of clinician assessment

     of hemodynamics in advanced heart failure: The ESCAPE trial. Circ Heart Fail 2008; 1: 170–177.

Nohria, A., Mielniczuk, L. M., & Stevenson, L. W. (2005, September 19). Evaluation and Monitoring of Patients with Acute

      Heart Failure Syndromes. The American Journal of Cardiology, 96(6A), 4-4. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.07.019

Thomas, S. S., & Nohria, A. (2012, January 12). Hemodynamic Classifications of Acute Heart Failure and     Their Clinical Application.

     Circulation Journal, 76(2), 2-3. 

80. Basics of Inpatient Geriatrics with Dr. Neamt

  • None.

79. Cancer Thrombosis with Dr. Rojan

  • None, all material cited per Grand Rounds

78. Rhinosinusitis with Dr. Lee

  •     Scattered pictures may not be sourced definitively.
  •     Studies and charts sourced properly.

77. Sepsis Guidelines and Evidence with Dr. Cavallazzi

  •     No pictures. All other material (charts, clinical images) sourced


76-B. Tracheostomy Care with Dr. El Kersh

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

76-A. Weaning Mechanical Ventilation with Dr. Cavallazzi

  •     Slides 15 and 26 not sourced definitively.

75. Treating Alcoholism with Dr. Stewart

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

74. Cirrhotic Ascites and its Complications with Dr. Beauerle

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

73. Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Disease with Dr. Apenbrick

  •     Unknown if the numerous slides showing retinal images are personal or from  a different source.

72. Grand Rounds: Management of C difficile and Fecal Microbiota Transplant with Dr. Krueger

  •     All material sourced properly on the slide, within the slide notes, or verbally in the lecture.

71.  Islet Cell Autotransplantation with Dr. Hughes

  •     Slides 42-47 with no reference (but believed to be from personal files)
  •     Slides 49-54, 59, and 64 with no reference.

70. Drug Induced Rash with Dr. Owen

  •     None. Slides 4-11, 23 without sourcing, may be personal archives.

69. Clinical Assessment of Volume Status with Dr. Cavallazzi

  •     All material sourced properly.

68. Cardiac Tamponade and Miscellaneous Cardiomyopathies

  •     Slides 4 and 5 not sourced. All other material sourced properly.

67. Grand Rounds: Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias with Dr. Roman

  •     All material sourced either on slide or verbally in the lecture.

66. Pharmacogenetics with Kristen Reynolds

  •     Sourcing per Dr. Reynolds.

65.  Thyroid Disease with Dr. Krishnasamy

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

64. Complications of Myocardial Infarctions with Dr. Brown

  •     Slides 4, 6, 7, and 33 ECHO images are not sourced.
  •     Slides 9, 20, 23, 33, 35 path images not sourced.
  •     All EKGs are likely from her huge private collection.

63. Primary Immunodeficiencies with Dr. Lee

  •     None. All material properly sourced.

62. Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome with Dr. Cavallazzi

  •     None. All material properly sourced.

61. A Review of ANA Testing and Rheumatological Pharmacology with Dr. Moore

  •     Sourcing per Dr. Moore

60. Shock and Hemodynamics in the CCU with Dr. Brown

59.  Ultrasound Physics with Dr. Nunley

  •     None. Scattered clipart without attribution.

58. Spondyloarthropathies Part 2 with Dr. Moore

  •     All pictures in lecture appear to not be sourced.

57-B- GR -1. Analyzing the Accuracy of Cardiovascular Risk Calculators with Dr. DeFilippis

  •     Slide 29 and Slide 81 appear not to be sourced.

57. Solitary Pulmonary Nodules with Dr. Wiese

56. Acetaminophen and Salicylate Toxicity with Dr. Bosse

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

55. Spondyloarthropathies Part 1 with Dr. Moore

  •     Probable copywritten question cut from final published version
  •     Many pictures throughout lecture not sourced.

54. Bradyarrhythmias with Dr. Brown

  •     None. All material cited within lecture.

53. UTIs with Dr. Gnoni

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

52. Allergic Rhinitis with Dr. Lee

  •     None. All material apart from clipart sourced properly.

51. Calcium Homeostasis with Dr. Lederer

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

50. Approach to Anemia with Dr. Moffett

  •    Pictures on slides 9, 13, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 not sourced.

49. Sodium, Potassium and Diuretics with Dr. Lederer

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

48. Diabetes Complications with Dr. Villafuerte

  •     None. All material sourced properly.

47. Accessibility Issues in the Clinic with Dr. Stillman

  •    Could not find within Tegrity?

46. Somatoform Disorders with Dr. Tamas

  •    None. All material sourced properly.

45. PFTs with Dr. Perez

44. AFib and Aflutter Concepts with Dr. Espinosa

43. Minimizing Complications in Cirrhosis with Dr. Marsano

  •  None. All material sourced properly.

42. Systemic Inflammatory Illnesses with Dr. Roberts

  •  None. All material sourced properly.

41. Therapies for Diabetes with Dr. Villafuerte

40. Aortic Stenosis and General Valvular Principles with Dr. Brown

  • None
  • Pt images 8 mins, 11 mins, 33 mins

39. The Basics of Immunotherapy with Dr. Lee

  • None
  • Images 2 min,  7 mins, 9 mins,  graphs 8 mins-10 mins, , 18 mins, 20 mins, 22 mins,  25 mins

38. Acute and Chronic Diarrhea with Dr. Moffett

  • None  

37. Cystic Fibrosis with Dr. O'Hagan (Recut complete and this citation updated)

  • None
  • Images/Clipart 16mins

36. Pulmonary and Critical Care Review (Comprehensive) with Dr. El-Kersh

35. Bacteremia and Intravascular Infections with Dr. Ramirez

  • None
  • Original graphics

34. Acute Pancreatitis: Medicine vs Surgery with Dr. Roberts

  • None
  • Images  1 min-4 mins, ct scans 26-29 mins, endoscopic images 37-41 mins

33. Glomerulonephritis with Dr. Caster

  • None
  • Images/Clipart 12 mins, 22 mins, 30 mins, 45 mins

32. Nephrotic Syndrome with Dr. Caster   

  • None

31. Antibiotics Review 2 with Julie Harting Pharm.D.

30. Antibiotics Review 1 with Julie Harting Pharm.D.

  • None
  • Images/Clipart 4mins, 15 mins,

29. Pneumonia in Many Forms (CAP,HCAP,HAP,VAP) with Dr. Peyrani

  • In text citations. w/o additional webpages
  • CXR & Pt slides (1hr 28mins)

28. Quality Improvement (QI) with Dr. Kubiak

  • None
  • In text Citation

27. Electrolyte Emergencies with Dr. Lederer

  • None

26. Renal Transplant with Dr. Mackelaite

  • None
  • Chart/Graph 49mins, 1 hour 3 mins

25. Preoperative Cardiac Evaluation with Dr. Stillman

  • Images 2 mins
  • Charts-5 mins, 8 mins, 9 mins. 12 mins, 20 mins, 34 mins, 38 mins, 39-43 mins

24. Acute Mental Status Changes with Dr. Mitchell

23. Approach to Low Back Pain with Dr. Burke

22. Emergency Stroke Care with Dr. Remmel

  • None
  • Clip art/pictures 7 mins, 20 mins, 32 mins, 33 mins, 34 mins, 35 min,43 mns, 46-48 mins, 55 mins

21. The Seriously Ill Patient with Dr. Nunley

  • Sonosite

20. Arrhythmia Concepts,Tachy with Dr. Espinosa

  • None initially found

19. Calcium Metabolism with Dr. Krishnasamy

18. Bleeding Disorders with Dr. Sharma

  • None

17. Paraproteinemias with Dr. Sharma

  • None, ALL IN TEXT Citations

16. Adrenal Disorders with Dr. Winters

15. DKA and HHS with Dr. Mokshagundam

  • None
  • In text Citations

14. The Acute Abdomen with Dr Farmer

13. Trends in COPD with Dr. Perez

12. EKG Concepts with Dr. Espinosa

  • None

11. Fulminant Hepatic Failure with Dr. Marsano

  • None

10. Emergency Arrhythmias 101 with Dr. Brown

  • EKGs (13mins, 21mins,
  • Wave Illustrations (25mins 28, 29, 31-33,  40,
  • In text citations
  • Google/open access (Defibrilator 33 mins)

9. Community Acquired Pneumonia with Dr. Guardiola

  • None
  • Charts-Unclear whether original or from another source (time 2 mins, 6 mins, 17 mins 49mins (cited) 56mins

8. Psychiatry with Dr. Spurgeon

  • None
  • Clip art

7. Acute Aortic Syndromes with Dr. Hirsch

  • None
  • Images (Unclear whether original) 4 mins, (, , 31 minsPt images (CT scan CXR) scan 10 mins,  22 mins, , 23 mins, 24 mins, 25 mins,
  • Chart (Unlikely original) 2mins, 7 mins, 8 mins, 18mins (Symptom table), 25 mins, 26 mins, 27 mins, 29 mins , 32 mins

6. Anaphylaxis and Urticaria with Dr. Lee

  • Several Clip Art in original lecture
  • Uncited Chart- 3 mins, 13 mins, 24 mins, 27 mins
  • 1424650295064239&usg=AFQjCNGURCdWbCYsBhSFxv_YLQcSZjAcJw

5. Acute Kidney Injury with Dr. Aronoff

  • None
  • Chart 9 mins

4. A Practical Approach to Acid Base with Dr Aronoff

  • None
  • No pictures

3. Acute Pancreatitis with Dr. Parajuli

  • None
  • Pt CT scans

2. Mood Disorders with Dr. Casey

  • None
  • No images

1. Intro to Peripheral Vascular Disease with Dr. Dwivedi